Mechanical strength increasing of abrasive reinforced wheel
Keywords:abrasive reinforced wheel, strength, reinforcing mesh, centrifugal and bending forces, deformation
The mechanical strength of unreinforced abrasive wheels is determined by centrifugal and bending forces, but their distribution during reinforcement is unknown. It was assumed that the stresses are distributed evenly, but a comparison of calculations on the theory of elasticity and real characteristics on a special stand showed complete discrepancy. Tensile tests of the wheels made it possible to compare the stresses results in the circumferential and radial directions. Was found that the reinforced wheel is an anisotropic body. Anisotropy can be reduced by displacing one reinforcement mesh relatively to the other by angle of 45°. In this paper, a mathematical model of the stress-strain state of the abrasive reinforced wheel was developed, taking into account the anisotropy of its properties. To determine the centrifugal forces, the theory of elasticity for an orthotropic body is applied. The bending forces that arise in the working wheel were determined during solving the problem of the distribution of deformations in the anisotropic annular plate rigidly fixed along the inner contour. As a result of experimental studies, it was found that stresses reach 8...23 MPa, which can be compared with the ultimate strength of the wheel matrix. The elastic module of the wheel matrix is noticeably greater than the elastic module of the reinforcing mesh, which practically does not perceive the load at the initial stage. The developed mathematical model of the strength indicators for abrasive reinforced wheels makes it possible to predict their reliability and safe operation.
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