Priority directions of international airport infrastructure development
Keywords:international airport, aviation security, reconstruction, modernization of airport infrastructure, runway, operational suitability
The main focus of international civil aviation is on ensuring the safety of the aviation industry, the need to address the problems of safe and efficient deployment of new types of aircraft, accompanied by the introduction of new types of operators in aviation. Implementation of effective international and European standards, transformation and modernization of airport infrastructure is one of the directions of Ukraine's work in the process of adapting civil aviation legislation to international and European standards, as well as in developing the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Effective operation of international airports in the XXI century is impossible without improving the unification process.
In the context of global competition, the developed infrastructure of international airports is becoming not only one of the factors increasing the country's capacity for economic growth, but also becoming a competitive advantage in the global market. However, with the expansion of air traffic, the issue of imperfection of airport service infrastructure is becoming more acute, there is a need for balanced development of all its elements.
The aviation industry is one of the most innovative in the world, where infrastructure is created through airports and air traffic control. The article analyzes the ways to restore the infrastructure of Ukrainian airports after the cessation of Russian military aggression, which caused incredible destruction, in particular, in the airport industry, describes the requirements for the design and construction of new and reconstruction of existing facilities at the airport. Emphasis is placed on the fact that regardless of the size and intensity of passenger traffic, special requirements are set for airport security. In the construction of new airports, security begins to play an important role during the preparation of relevant documentation. The design of runways, taxiways, platforms and car parks is subject to exceptionally high quality standards in terms of their load-bearing capacity, properties and durability. It is determined that construction on the aerodrome territory is carried out during the planning of territories by developing and approving urban planning documentation taking into account the restrictions on the use of the aerodrome territory (obstacle-limiting areas, aviation noise restriction zones, aeronautical equipment protection zones, as well as restrictions on landing and departure at the aerodrome, use of zones for training and other flights).
The aim of the article is to substantiate with the use of comparative and systematic methods of priority areas of infrastructure development of international airports of Ukraine, identify current trends in development, transformation and modernization of airport infrastructure, as Ukraine's development is influenced by current global trends.
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