Justification of the types of obsolete housing stock as the first stage of effective reconstruction





obsolete housing stock, technical condition, safety of living conditions, comfort of living conditions, effective expectancy life of the building


The complex reconstruction of the obsolete housing stock is an actual problem for many countries. Now this task is an urgent challenge for Ukraine. There is a large number of buildings which condition requires urgent major repair or demolishing in Ukraine.

In order to renew the housing stock at the state level a program for the complex reconstruction of the housing stock is planned. The success of the implementation of housing stock renovation program depends on many conditions. One of the most important barriers is the shortcomings of the legislative framework. The absence and ambiguity of legal provisions governing the implementation of the complex reconstruction make the process of housing rehabilitation difficult and extremely slow.

The experience of Ukraine demonstrates that one of the issues within the implementation of the complex reconstruction program of the housing stock is the justification of criteria for the definition of objects to be reconstructed. he classification of obsolete housing stock objects presented in Ukraine (on the example of Kyiv) has been carried out in the article. In the study several prevailing types of buildings were distinguished: historical buildings, buildings of the Stalin's type («stalinki»), buildings of barrack type and buildings of the first period of industrial house building, the so-called «khrushchevki»

The drawbacks of the existing approach to the definition of outdated housing stock are analyzed. Criteria for defining obsolete housing stock and parameters for their determination are proposed.

The considerable volumes of the obsolete housing stock (about third of the total housing stock) and the lack of the necessary financing require a thorough analysis of the objects of comprehensive reconstruction, starting with a clear parameterization of the criteria for assigning existing housing stock to the obsolete one and determining rational methods of reconstruction depending on the types of obsolete housing stock.

The justification of criteria and parameters for defining the obsolete housing stock allows to make a step forward to the definition of the most efficient types of reconstructive measures for appropriate types of buildings.

Author Biographies

Alla Pleshkanovska, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of Land Management and Cadastre

Daria Kuznetsova, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Candidate of Technical Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Land Management and Cadastre


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