Some aspects of consideration of initial imperfections in the calculations of stability of thin-walled elements of open profile
Keywords:thin-walled bars, geometry imperfection, eccentricity, finite element method, stability, critical force
Performed analysis of the initial geometric imperfections influence on the stability of the open C-shaped bars. Test tasks were solved in MSC Nastran, which is based on the finite element method. Imperfections are given in different formulations: the general stability loss of an ideal bar, of wavy bulging of walls and shelves, of deplanation of a bar. To model imperfections, has been developed a program which for the formation of new coordinates of the nodes of the "deformed" model, the components of a vector similar to the form of stability loss are added to the corresponding coordinates of the middle surface of the bar. In this way, you can set initial imperfections in the forms of stability loss of the bar with different amplitude. Researches made with different values of the imperfection amplitude and eccentricity of applied efforts. All tasks are performed in linear and nonlinear staging. The conclusion is made regarding the influence of initial imperfections form and imperfection amplitude on the critical force in nonlinear calculations. It was found that the most affected are imperfections, which are given in the form of total loss of stability. It was revealed the influence of the imperfection amplitude on the magnitude of the critical force for such imperfections. The influence of imperfections amplitude given in the form of wavy bulging walls and in the form of deplanations is not affected on the value of the critical force.
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