The gyroscopic forces influence on the oscillations of the rotating shafts
Keywords:shafts, transverse oscillations, numerical differentiation, bend forms, gyroscopic forces
The results of numerical investigation of shafts transverse oscillations with account of gyroscopic inertia forces are presented. It is shown what the action and how the gyroscopic forces influence on the transverse oscillations of the shafts during rotation. The study has been done with computer program with a graphical interface that is developed by authors. The process of numerical solution of the differential equations of oscillations of rotating rods using the method of numerical differentiation of rod's bend forms by polynomial spline-functions and the Houbolt time integration method is described. A general block diagram of the algorithm is shown. This algorithm describes the process of repeated (cyclical) solving the system of differential equations of oscillations for every point of mechanical system in order to find the new coordinates of positions of these points in each next point of time t+Dt. The computer program in which the shown algorithm is realized allows to monitor for the behavior of moving computer model, which demonstrates the process of oscillatory motion in rotation. Moreover, the program draws the graphics of oscillations and changes of angular speeds and accelerations in different coordinate systems. Defines the dynamic stability fields and draw the diagrams of found fields. Using this program, the dynamics of a range of objects which are modeled by long elastic rods have been studied. For some objects is shown that on special rotational speeds of shafts with different lengths, in the rotating with shaft coordinate system, the trajectories of center of the section have an ordered character in the form of n-pointed star in time interval from excitation to the start of established circular oscillation with amplitude that harmoniously changes in time. It is noted that such trajectories are fact of the action of gyroscopic inertia forces that arise in rotation.
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