Size optimization of single edge folds for cold-formed structural members
Keywords:load-bearing capacity, cold-formed profile, optimization problem, single edge fold, stiffener, distortional buckling, linear convolution of criteria
Parametric optimization problem for single edge fold size in cold-formed structural members subjected to central compression has been considered by the paper. Determination the load-bearing capacity of the cold-formed structural members has been performed using the geometrical properties calculated based on the constructed “effective” (reduced) cross-sections taking into account local buckling effects in the section as well as distortional buckling effects.
Single edge fold size in cold-formed C-profile has been considered as design variable. Linear convolution of criteria, namely minimization criterion of design area of stiffener cross-section and maximization criterion effective area of stiffener cross-section which defines it reduced load-bearing capacity due to flexural buckling has been used as optimization criterion. The parametric optimization problem has been solved using the method of objective function gradient projection onto the active constraints surface with simultaneous correction of the constraints violations. In order to realize the formulated optimization problem, software OptCAD intended to solve parametric optimization problems for steel structural systems has been used.
Optimization results of the single edge folds for the cold-formed С-profiles manufactured by «Blachy Pruszyński» company, «BF FACTORY» company as well as «STEELCO» company have been presented by the paper. The results of the performed investigation can be used as recommendations for companies-manufacturers of the cold-formed profiles, as well as a guide for creation the national assortment base of the effective cold-formed profiles promoting wider implementation of cold-formed steel structures in building practice.
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