Establishing the correlation of the vertical and horizontal passive failure pressure in front of constructed tbm tunnels face in sand
Keywords:TBM tunnel, finite element method (FEM), passive failure pressure, tunnel face, sand
The paper aims to investigate the relationship between factors which have the impacts on the tunnel and the ground and establish formulas to calculate the correlation of the passive failure pressure in front of tunnel face in the vertical and horizontal directions by using the Finite Element Method (FEM).
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