Аpplication of information technologies for knowledge control
Keywords:teaching, testing, program, questions
The process of resistance training materials and construction mechanics consists of presenting educational information, performing design work, which determines the stress-deformed state of the typical calculation schemes, and in controlling the quality and volume of the mastered learning material. At the Department of Construction Mechanics of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, computer technologies are used at all these stages.
To date, new forms of education are urgent, oriented to the use of modern information technologies, which considerably will expand the possibility of mastering higher education. Several electronic textbooks and manuals have been developed at the department, and the software complex ASISTENT has been widely used, which is used for performing calculations, self-testing and graduation design. For the computer verification of the acquired knowledge at the Department of Construction Mechanics, the program Ukrainian-language complex CONTROL has been developed and implemented.
The complex is intended for the testing of knowledge and skills in computer classes equipped with a local computer network.
Material of the discipline "Construction mechanics" is divided into 13 modules (themes). Testing on each topic can be done regardless of other topics at any time convenient for the student. Testing is performed by checking the answers to test tickets from the selected topic. Tickets from the selected theme are selected by the program in a random manner and presented to the student. The program tracks the number of tickets that were submitted to each user during the previous tests, and does not allow the re-presentation of the same test tickets. In addition, the program records the number of hits to the program by each user. No more than three sessions of testing within one day are allowed. The program allows you to automatically lower your grade if testing is performed after a specified period. The number of questions in the test ticket can be from 5 to 12. It is possible to use questions of two types: with a selective and with a fixed response. In the first version, the program offers several options for a possible answer, from which it is necessary to choose the correct one. In the second one - a specific task is proposed that needs to be solved and obtain a numerical result. Questions are selected by the user in an arbitrary order and displayed in the program's worksheet. To provide answers to all questions of the test ticket, the program provides a limited time (40 minutes). Answers are analyzed by the program by comparison with the reference ones. At the end of the test, the program reports an integral assessment of the level of knowledge. Under certain rules summed up the number of points scored and, depending on their number, assesses the knowledge and skills of the selected topic.
The complex is designed to work only in network mode. All programs and files of the complex are located on the cathedral server, and all computers on the local network play the role of workstations. Test results are stored on the server, virtually unlimited time.
The complex contains applications that can be involved during testing and are auxiliary: a calculator, a short guide to construction mechanics, a program for solving systems of linear algebraic equations, a program for calculating special functions of the displacement method for calculating frames for stability, rules of work with the program testing.
Bazhenov V.A., Perelmuter A.V., Shishov O.V. Budivelna mehanika. Kompjuterni tehnologiy i modeluvannja. Pidruchnyk.- Kyiv: VIPOL, 2013.- 896 s.
Bazhenov V.A., Ivanchenko G.M., Shishov O.V., Piskunov S.O. Budivelna mehanika. Rozrachunkovi vpravy. Zadachi. Kompjuterne testuvannya. Navchalniy posibnuk. – Kyiv.: “Caravela”, 2014 – 502 s.
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